Dental Hygiene includes the practices of keeping your teeth, gums, and mouth healthy. It also protects from bacterial and other microbial infections. Dental Hygiene is the important part of all hygienic practices that should be included in our daily routine.
How to maintain good dental hygiene?
1. Use Fluoridated water:
Fluoridated water contains an optimal amount of fluorine in water, which helps to prevent tooth decay, and keeps gums healthy. Acids demineralize the outer protective covering of teeth known as enamel, and cause tooth decay. Bacteria, present in mouth, form acids from the sugars we eat and destroy teeth enamel. So, fluoride present in water stops demineralisation and protects teeth.
2. Use fluoridated toothpaste for better dental hygiene:
Fluoridated toothpastes are highly effective in preventing cavities (tooth decay). Fluorine not only repairs the persistent tooth decay but also strengthen the developing teeth in Children.
3. Use toothbrush with criss cross bristles:
A toothbrush with criss cross bristles helps to remove the plaque from mouth areas that are hard to reach by straight bristles toothbrush. In this way, all plaque present between teeth can be removed. In addition to above mentioned benefits, criss cross bristles are pointed at opposite angle to each other. This property helps in better dental hygiene.
4. Visit your dentist every six month:
Health specialists recommend visiting your dentist every six month. It helps to examine any deteriorating change or decay in teeth. Apply only those dental medicines that are recommended by your dentist. Because, some medicines may cause dryness in mouth and throat leading to bad mouth taste. Above all, a dentist better know and examine your teeth.
5. Apply sealants, if cavities persist:
If tooth decay (cavities) remains for so long even after practicing dental hygiene, then it’s better to apply sealants in your teeth. Sealants cover the cavities present in your teeth and stop tooth decay.
6. Avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking:
To maintain a good dental hygiene, it’s important to avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking. People, who smoke, are 3-6% more vulnerable to tooth decay and periodontal diseases. So avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking to maintain good dental hygiene.
7. Brush your teeth regularly:
Brush your teeth using a fluoridated toothpaste, twice a day. It helps to remove any food particles left within teeth gums. Brushing your teeth on regular basis, and after a meal stops bacteria to form plaque or cause demineralisation. Overall, brushing your teeth is the best way to maintain dental hygiene.
8. Drink plenty of water:
Sometimes, our mouth get dry because of dental medication or using high amount of toothpaste for brushing. So, it’s better to drink plenty of water to moisturise your mouth and maintain a dental hygienic practice.
9. Avoid eating too much sugary food:
Sugary food, when degraded in mouth, increase the amount of acids which destroys the enamel. So avoid eating too much sugar containing food. Moreover, after taking a sweet meal, make sure to brush the tooth to prevent tooth decay.
10. Do Flossing on daily basis:
Flossing is a techniques of removing buried debris and plaque between the teeth, specially behind molars. It involves moving a synthetic cord between your teeth to remove the plaque behind the teeth. It is better to do flossing daily to keep healthy gums and strong teeth. In addition to that, flossing helps to remove any permanent plaque between the teeth.
11. Practice good oral hygiene:
All the practices, mentioned above, have a very great role in maintaining oral hygiene. It is very beneficial to follow dental hygienic practice on a regular basis. Your teeth are your smile and health is greatly based on oral hygiene. Moreover, practicing good oral hygiene can help you improving your overall health.
Importance of maintaining good dental hygiene:
1. Prevent unpleasant smell in mouth:
Due to acid deposition and plaque formation, unpleasant smell produces in the mouth. This smell creates a bad taste in mouth and throat. At the end, it leads to other health issues.
2. Reduces gums bleeding:
If the plaque, formed between the teeth and on gum line, is not removed for so long then it get converted into tartar. Moreover, this situation leads to gums bleeding. So, maintaining a good oral hygiene stops gum bleeding and remove pain.
3. Dental Hygiene prevents tooth decay:
If you practice good dental hygiene, then it will fill cavities with fluoridated water and stops further decay. So, dental hygiene plays a very important role in healthy lifestyle.
4. Maintains healthy gum tissues:
Oral hygiene keeps gum tissue healthy and prevents them from bleeding leading to healthy gum tissues. Periodontitis is a gum disease that cause inflammation in gum tissues, leading to tooth decay by removing the bone attached with gum tissues. So, good dental hygienic practices maintain healthy gum tissues.
5. Visiting a dentist helps in diseases detection at an early stage:
Bleeding gums are a great sign of diabetes, vitamins deficiency and dementia. These diseases are greatly influenced by poor oral hygiene. Moreover, visiting a dentist every six years helps in detecting many other diseases like oral cancer.
6. Dental Hygiene maintains eyesight:
American Glaucoma Society 2016, presented a research, at Annual Meeting suggests that periodontal (gum related) diseases and tooth decay increases the risk of glaucoma (a group of conditions that damage optic nerve of eyes. Optic nerve plays a very important role in vision. So prevention from tooth decay and periodontal diseases helps to maintain good eyesight.
7. Dental Hygiene maintains Children’s productivity:
Children are more likely to have dental problems because they are quite careless.
According to CDC report,
- 1 out of every 5 children, of age 5-11 have at least one tooth with cavity.
- 1 out of every 7 teenager have at least one decayed tooth.
- Children from poor families have twice the number of tooth decaying cases than the children of rich families.
So, dental hygienic practices can greatly increase children productivity, helping them to perform better in their studies.
8. Dental Hygiene prevents mouth ulcers:
Mouth ulcer contains sores inside of the mouth, in the gum tissues and under the lips. Sometimes, these ulcers form on the mucous membrane of mouth leading to oral cancer. Dental hygienic practices prevent formation of these mouth ulcers. Using a best mouthwash can help reducing the plaque and kill germs for 12 hours. So, practicing dental hygiene is the important way to prevent mouth ulcers.
Dental hygiene is the most important part of oral hygiene. Our teeth are the first area, that comes in contact with environment. So make sure to practice good oral hygiene and dental hygiene.