A COVID- 19 is a type of virus that belongs to a family corona that causes infection in the respiratory tract by entering through the eyes, nose, mouth, throat, sinuses, or lungs. Many other types of viruses are not as severe as COVID 19, and most cause only mild illnesses, such as the flu. COVID 19 enters the body and attacks the target area. When enter in body virus start to multiply and spread in the whole body. The new COVID 19 hook its spiny surface binds to receptors on healthy cells, mostly present in the lungs. Specifically, the viral proteins burst into cells and inject their DNA into the host cell. Once entered, the coronavirus invades healthy cells and takes command of all activities of the cells themselves. It kills infected cells as well as healthy cells.
But some coronavirus can cause severe illness as COVID 19. The most likely way people can become infected is by droplets in the air that contain the virus. These droplets enter the air when a patient of COVID 19 cough or sneeze and then enter through the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs to the other person who is within 6 feet or 2 meters. The virus enters and causes infection in the lungs and cause inflammation in the lungs. The alveolar sacs have to be healthy for the body to exchange gas for breathing in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide to remove toxin gases from the body.
Some physiological tips which help to reduce covid 19 chances
1.Decrease the use of social media
Decrease the use of social media otherwise. It will increase your coronavirus anxiety. Anxiety can be increased due to social media exposure; therefore, it should be ignored. Only use one or two media source for covid 19 updates which are authentic
Exercise not only improve your brain activities, mobility other body conditions but also make your neurotransmitter feels good. For example, exercising your endorphin neurotransmitter release and reducing your stress and anxiety make you feel happy.
3.Do something for someone else
Neuroscience has proved that it will produce the hormone dopamine (motivational hormone) and oxytocin (the bonding hormone) when you help or do something for someone else. This hormone will make you healthy and away from anxiety.
An increase in age increases the risk of covid 19. Increase age will you are at the risk of attacking of covid 19. For example, people age 50 have more chances to get coronavirus. Here is a comparison chart of different age groups.
|18-29 years||Comparison group||Comparison group|
|30-39 Years||2x higher||4x higher|
|40-49 years||3x higher||10x higher|
|50-64 years||4x higher||30x higher|
|65-74 years||5x higher||90x higher|
|75- 84 years||8x higher||220x higher|
|85+ years||13x higher||630x higher|
Covid 19 affects: the body can malfunction.
If patients have a mild illness, they usually have symptoms like fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue are common but sometimes also loss of taste.
If the patients are severely ill, their respiratory system is not working correctly or other organ damage, such as pneumonia, acute respiratory.
Most people, after recovery from covid 19, return to their normal health. Some people have symptoms that may last for weeks or even lasts for several months. Even the people with mild illness not hospitalized may have get symptoms for late. The most long term symptoms are
- Shortness of breath
- Joint pain
- Chest pain
- Muscle pain
- Hair lose
- Change in mood
- Mild fever
The causes of these long-term effects are still unknown. Research is continuing to know the reasons for long-term outcomes.
Some common affects
Inflammation due to virus damages the cells of the lungs and triggers an inflammatory reaction. Infection can cause fever. Due to severe inflammation, inflammatory fluid fills in the lungs. This reduces the function of the alveoli and become barrier in the exchange of gases, resulting in coughing and cause difficulty in breathing. The oxygen level in the blood may decrease. In some people who cause severe damage in the lungs, other organs can also be affected, such as the kidneys or the heart. Medical care is then given to heel these patients to make strong their immune system and maintain their health as their weak immune system easily attacked by virus. If your doctor recommends a CT scan of your infected area, they’ll definitely see infected are or patchy areas called “ground-glass opacity” (is finding seen on chest X-ray.
In most people, the symptoms end with a cough and a fever and do not infect further. Happen in people with strong immunity. More than 8 in 10 cases are not severe. But in some people, the infection becomes more severe and cause further damage in the lungs. About 5 to 8 days after symptoms start; they feel difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath. Respiratory problems begin after few days of infection.
Antibiotics do not treat the viruses; they only work on bacterial infections like common cold and fever. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics cannot be affected. Antibiotics cannot be used as prevention measures or treatment of COVID-19. Medicines should be used as prescribed by doctor.